Tuesday, April 18, 2017

6 Ways to Retain Students in After-School Chorus



It is so frustrating to have students drop out of your after-school choral program mid-year. Reasons for dropping out range from students wanting to join other clubs, to parents taking away chorus as a punishment for poor grades. After loosing a chunk of my chorus to the soccer club during my first year at a new school, I knew I had to change some things.  EDIT: Anna Hanks has a great comment below about how she retained students by not having to compete with sports.  I totally agree. Kids, especially in elementary school, should be able to explore multiple interests!

1. Use concerts to recruit for next year.

My most dedicated group are always the 4th graders because they are so excited to be in chorus after watching the concerts when they were in 3rd grade. I chose at least one fun or memorable song for the winter concert and did a short musical in the spring with fun costumes, props, and choreography. One song I made memorable during a winter concert was "Santa Lucia." I incorporated some Swedish traditions by turning off the lights in the auditorium and having the oldest girl enter with an electric candlelight wreath her head to an instrumental version of the song. The other singers followed her in line as the got into place. It really set the tone for the concert and the audience was silent! By the time the 4th graders were able to join chorus, they took it much more seriously than the group I had during my first year at the school.

2.  Give lots of solos and put kids in charge.

Even if it's just a reading an introduction to a song, pulling the curtains, or holding a sign or prop, I tried to give each kid one special job or moment during the year. They take it seriously, and are so much better at remembering their tasks than I am. Even though something may feel like a chore to us, to a child, it makes them feel important. It's also fun to see student leaders emerge in the group.

3.  Set aside time for games and play.  

Dramatic exercises that focus on movement, concentration, ensemble connection, and improvisation are great. If it's a beautiful day, or near the end of the year, I take students to the playground for 10-15 minutes while waiting for others to trickle-in after school.

I found lots of great dramatic exercises to use from theater books for kids and sometimes a classroom teacher would pop-in and play with us! A fantastic book full of imaginative activities is  On Stage: Theater Games and Activities for Kids by Lisa Bany-Winters. Here are two exercises I used.

  • Mirror: kids mirror the actions of their partner. The point is for onlookers to be unable to figure out who the leader is. Students have to move VERY slowly until they are connected enough mentally with their partners to move faster. I add music to set the mood. This is an activity where no speaking is allowed.
  • Mystery Object: in this game students have a prop, such as a chalkboard eraser, and they have to use their improv skills to pretend that the object is something else, like a remote control. The other students have to guess what the "mystery object" is. After a few guesses, the mystery object is passed to a new student. This game was very popular with my chorus.

4.  Provide snacks (or allow them to bring snacks from home).

I always provided snacks, and the kids looked forward to them. It was another way to show that I cared. To save money, I bought them in bulk and split up the snacks in coffee filters because they were cheaper than paper plates. See my short blog post here. Snacks I've provided include pretzels, popcorn, chips, cookies, and Cheez-Its. I usually mixed it up, for example, 7 honey pretzel twists and 2 cookies. In late spring, I'd even cut up a watermelon or give freeze pops to the kids while they played on the playground for a few minutes. We also had pizza on concert days. I knew some students would not have a ride to the evening concert, so even though it made my day very long, I always offered to play a movie and provide pizza for students that couldn't go home before the concert. Remember to save your receipts for tax deductions!

5.  Allow them to be creative: create movements/choreography, props, costumes, instrumental parts, attire.

Sometimes the best concert ideas would come from the students. I've had students go home and study The Temptations on their own, and create amazing choreography to some of the Motown songs we've sung for our Black History Month assemblies! The moves were so much better than what I would have come up with.  The school secretaries almost died when a group of boys performed a dance to Music K-8's "My Pizza", just for them, with the moves from the following YouTube video.


6. Maximize performance opportunities.

We had video announcements at our last school so it was fun to have chorus sing short songs for holidays. What was also great about that is that you can write out the lyrics and no one will see them if you hold them off-camera. ;)  Another idea is a school tour.  Take chorus students around to the primary classrooms and office staff to brighten their day! We also went to Six Flags every Spring to sing with other students in the county.  If students could not pay for their tickets, I would pay for them, or tell them to bring what they could. This was one of my BEST recruiting tools and students talked about it all year. I've also had a grant funded which helped defray costs for families.

I hope this post gave you a couple of useful ideas. Even though I take chorus very seriously, there were times when I really did have to lighten it up. Especially since it was after school and I did not want the kids to burn-out. Yes, this does require you to spend money (perhaps you could use school or PTA funds) but your chorus kids will become extremely loyal to you for going the extra mile. 



Friday, March 17, 2017

Rhythm Rounds: A Engaging Game for Music Class


Sometimes I'll start an activity will start to morph into something totally new by the end of the week.  Probably common among music teachers.  This activity is an example of one of those instances.   I was playing Musical Four Corners with my 4th graders and it quickly turned into another fun game that is free and easy to make!


  1. Display 4 rhythm patterns on the board (I've provided sample cards below that you can print or project).  I started with simple 4-beat rhythms.  You can add more measures depending on the skill level of your students.
  2. Place four pitched/barred instruments on the floor in locations that correspond to the rhythm patterns.  For example, my rhythms were in a 4-square block, so the instruments were arranged the same way.  I like varying the instruments to include xylophones, metallaphones, and especially tone bars.
  3. Give your students a batting order.  We sat in a semi-circle, so we just went down the line.
  4. The first 4 students sit behind an instrument.  Remove bars to make instruments pentatonic for a pleasant sound.
  5. Give students a few seconds to become familiar with their instruments if needed.
  6. Students should play on only one bar until they are comfortable enough moving around to different bars. 
  7. Display 4 different rhythms.
  8. Count-off and listen for mistakes as students play their rhythms simultaneously.  If played correctly, they will make a beautiful, rhythmic sound.  If a student makes a mistake, they sit down and the next in line will take their place.   You can also have a warm-up round to give students time to adjust to the activity.
  9. Students have a lot of fun trying to play their rhythm perfectly in order to gain extra turns. 
  10. After everyone has gone once, I'll tell students that they now have to play their rhythms as an ostinato.  
I found it easiest to project the rhythms on the board.   I had a student scroll through the rhythms on my computer while I stood at the board watching the players.

For students who struggle with reading rhythms, or hand-eye coordination, I will let them slide for a couple of rounds so that they can get a little extra practice.   When this happens, I say something like, "Oh, I didn't catch anyone that time, let's try again," or I'll move to the next slide.

If you find this game is successful, you can vary the activity with different rhythms/icons, or include pitches.  You can arrange it for 5+ rhythms or have students "face-off" in teams with 2 rhythms.

Download a FREE pdf of rhythm cards below! :)






Thursday, February 16, 2017

How to Teach Primary Songs with a Pocket Chart


I inherited several pocket charts in my last classroom and didn't know what to do with them for about 5 months.  For a while, I tried putting objectives in the pockets but it was easier just to write the them on the board.  Then, a PreK teacher was throwing out a semi-broken chart stand and the hoarder in me snatched it up.  I had to find a way to use this pocket chart.  I had been using beat charts with 1st and 2nd grade for a couple of years and decided to transfer each beat, to a pocket.  It turned out to be a very successful way to teach elements of a song!  Here's what I did (after rigging up the stand with yarn and binder clips so that the chart would not fall off):

  •  Use a chart with at least a 4x4 grid of pockets and a title pocket on top.  My chart was 5x5.  


  •  Place the title of song at the top.  I'll use "Lucy Locket" for this example, but any 4-measure song will work.  Fill in the square pockets with beat numbers.  Have individual students tap the beat with a pointer while the class sings or chants the lyrics.  If everyone has time for a turn, you can use this as an assessment grade.  My p-pal was also pleased that I was "incorporating literacy" by placing the lyrics in each pocket. 


  • Next, students should start tapping the rhythm of the song.  Place rhythm icons (pennies) over the beats and lyrics at this point.  



  • Once they are comfortable with the above steps, take all the icon cards out, and scramble them.  Pass out the cards to 16 students and see if they can assemble them in the correct spots. Avoid chaos at the beat chart, by passing the cards out slowly so there are only a few students working at a time.  Check the icon positions as a class.  If there is an error, call on a student to correct it.  I've had students who usually do not shine academically get a big confidence boost when they were able to correct problem spots. 
  • Repeat the previous step, with musical notation!  Scramble the quarter notes and eighth notes for your students to reassemble. You may also remove the icons beforehand to see if they can correlate the notes with the rhythm of the words.  If they are successful, you can remove the lyrics so that they only have the beat number cards as a clue.  



  • You can also repeat this process with pitch.  I use "S," "M," or "L" cards for  sol, mi, and la.  


In the end, you'll have layers of cards in each pocket that represent different musical elements that make-up a song.   I like how students can see how rhythm is built on beat, and that the pitch is dependent on rhythm.

Use the extra pockets to store cards, and keep multiple song titles in the top pocket to flip through.  The beat numbers can always stay in place to be reused for various songs.  The rhythm and pitch cards were laminated and stored in the bottom row of pockets.  If students wanted to complete the entire song alone, I would sometimes store the cards for each row in the empty pockets on the end of each row.   I hope that makes sense!   Extra pockets = good.

Tuesday, January 17, 2017

Sweet! 4 Non-Candy Classroom Rewards on the Cheap




Do you need a classroom reward that does not involve candy but is still super affordable?  Here are 4 ideas, on the cheap, that kids love!

Super High, High Five
We know that kids love high fives and fist bumps, but do teachers really like touching all those tiny fingers that have been inside tiny noses?  Here's a fun, energetic alternative to to a traditional high-five, without the hand-to-hand contact.   

This reward is similar to a behavior chart.  If the class as a whole, does a fantastic job, they are on "gold," below that is "silver," and below that, "bronze."  If your class has a sad day, they are not ranked.

Here's how it works.   
  1. Place these three rankings vertically on a wall.  It helps if they are placed near the exit door.
  2. At the end of class, let your students know if they have ranked.
  3. As students leave your room, they each have ONE chance to high-five the paper with the class rank.  Place "Gold" somewhat high and almost out of reach so that students have more fun trying to jump up, and slap the correct paper. The higher the rank, the more fun it is to hit.
I love this system because it's free, fun, and all I have to do is monitor them.  I like giving stickers to my students, but peeling and placing all those stickers on their hands can be time-consuming.  This is a way for students to reward themselves as they walk out the door.  Laminate the cards so you can clean them with a wipe.
Download a free printable HERE!


Silent Smelly
This is my go-to reward.  Remember Lip Smackers? I use these to reward students who have done a great job in class and who line-up quietly.  I don't give them each a  stick, that would cost a fortune.  I just rub a little bit onto the backs of their hands.  Primary students LOVE smelling the fruity flavors as they walk out the door.  When class is over, they stand in line silently, with their fists towards me, ready for their reward.  If a student has been exceptionally good, I will dab both hands, or place a sticker on their hand and rub lip gloss over it, which turns it into a smelly sticker.   One stick will last for months.  Any fruity chapstick will do.  My last stick was lip gloss that smelled like the NERDS candy, before that, I used apple flavored Chapstick.  I tape a paper cover over the stick that says "Great job!" or "Silent Smelly" to hide the brand of the chapstick.   A sticky note will work very well with minimal cutting.  You can also download the graphic below and tape it on your lip gloss.  Download by right-clicking the image and saving it to your computer. Then print, cut, and tape.


Your Imagination
If you are really creative, you will have a blast giving away everyone's favorite reward, your imagination.  Sometimes, I'll throw an imaginary $100 bill in the air for a student to "catch." Read abut this reward in Sarah B. Elementary's post.  She's truly the queen of creative reward giving! Here's a quote from her blog:
One of my go-to imaginary prizes is a cute baby animal. I would tell the student, “I’m so impressed with you that I’m going to put you in charge of taking care of this baby giraffe! Please take very good care of it. Remember to feed it, and put it to bed at night. I know I can trust you!” Then I would pretend to hand the baby giraffe over to them. If I’m really on it that day, I would check up on the giraffe later in the day.   ...   You can give your students anything in the universe with this incentive! I’ve given kids a little sliver of the moon, the toenail of a giant, a bucket full of diamonds, the horn of a unicorn, a live crab, and so much more. 

Smiles
My primary classes compete with each other for smiley faces.  I have a list on the board, and whenever the class is behaving exceptionally well, I draw a smiley face next to their class name.  Students like seeing which class can get the most smiley faces, and they keep pretty close tabs on each other!  SMILES CAN BE TAKEN AWAY.  If a class is doing a "sad job," I can remove smiles.  If there are no smiles to remove, they are get a sad face.  This is so simple, yet effective. When I place a smiley face, kids cheer.  When one is taken away, the class is silent.  You can also give a class prize to the first group to reach a certain number of stickers.  For instance, they can play Freeze Dance when they have earned 7 stickers, but this is not necessary.

If you decide to try any of these ideas with your classes, I'd love to hear how it went.  I hope your students have fun with them!



Friday, October 7, 2016

Stress-free Surfing in the Classroom with this Awesome App!


So a friend of mine was trying to show me a funny video of a man arguing with a dog on YouTube, but of course a video ad pops up before we can view the content.  That's when he says, "What? You don't have AdBlock? Have you been living under a rock?"  Well, I hadn't heard of AdBlock or Adblock Plus (which is what I ended up downloading), but I wasn't too offended because this friend was also 10 years younger than me, and every time I use technology in front of him, I can feel the breadth of our generation gap.   Kind of like how I feel when my dad asks me to to sign-up for things online on his behalf, because he still doesn't use email. 

ANYWAYS, I install Ad-block Plus and BOOM all the video ads are gone.  Not only on YouTube but everywhere!  It even blocks the annoying ads at the top of my Gmail account that look like emails but are advertisements, and the little banners that show up at the bottom of YouTube videos.

If your school computer allows you to download this app, I would do it, just to avoid any sketchy situations.  I know sometimes I'll leave a video of an orchestra playing and then it's interrupted by an ad for a new movie that has me running to the computer. 

I don't recommend using it on all computers, because these ads fund sites which allows them to remain free.  However, as educators, our jobs and reputations are on the line whenever a ad that we cannot screen beforehand pops up in front of our students. Not all ads will be blocked, but a majority of them will, especially video ads.  Some ads that are deemed less obtrusive and annoying will occasionally appear.
So AdBlock Plus's software is free, but there is an opportunity to donate to this open source software project, after downloading.  I use Chrome to surf the web, so I installed AdBlock for Chrome, and a little, red button at the top of my browser appeared that will tell me how many ads were blocked on the website that I'm on.  


USEFUL LINKS


Friday, July 8, 2016

$25 TpT Gift Card Giveaway!


Happy July teachers!  For those of you on summer vacation, I hope you are having a blast and making all of your non-teacher friends jealous.  Every summer, I unplug my alarm clock until the night before school starts.  I've also been busy planning my wedding (so. many. details.), and will soon be moving from Maryland to North Carolina!   Enough about me, check out the raffle details below and win some TpT ca$h!


GIVEAWAY DETAILS:  
Prize: $25 Teachers Pay Teachers Gift Card
Co-hosts:  Kelly Malloy (An Apple for the Teacher), 
Rules: Use the Rafflecopter to enter. Giveaway ends 7/16/16 and is open worldwide.

Are you a Teacher Blogger or Teachers pay Teachers seller who wants to participate in giveaways like these to grow your store and social media?  Click here to find out how you can join our totally awesome group of bloggers!

a Rafflecopter giveaway

Thursday, March 17, 2016

St. Patrick's Day Game for General Music and Drama

A favorite game in my class around St. Patrick's Day is "Find the Leprechaun."   Both my primary and intermediate students really have fun with this.   It also works as a little drama exercise because students have to try to trick their classmates with facial expressions and body language.  I tell them that I want to see how well they can "read faces."

  1. Pick a simple St. Patrick's Day song to sing.  I use "Wait and See" from the Spotlight books. 
  2. After students have learned the song, choose one student to move to the corner and cover their eyes.
  3. Give a tiny leprechaun to one student in the class, who will hide it on their persons.
  4. Once the class starts singing the song (or hears the intro being place on the CD), the student in the corner may walk around, looking at their classmates, trying to figure out who has the leprechaun.  
  5. They have 3 guesses before their turn is over.
  6. Whoever has the leprechaun will then go cover their eyes in the corner.  
  7. The guesser will pass out the leprechaun to another quiet student in the room and the game will start all over!
Feel free to download and print the leprechaun image above to use in your classroom.  I've added 6 images to a page because the paper will get wrinkled and you may want to start with a new paper for the next class. Drawing a stick figure on a scrap of green paper will also work just fine.  I've even had kindergarten students try to pick out my little stick man from the trash after the game was over.  I do not recommend throwing the leprechaun in the trash in front of the kindergarteners!  ;)